Around 8.9 million Americans suffer from co-occurring mental health conditions and substance use disorders every year, and only 7.4 percent of them receive appropriate treatment, says a 2015 report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). When a person suffers from both the problems simultaneously, for example a mood disorder like depression or bipolar disorder and addiction to alcohol or drugs, it is known as dual diagnosis, or co-occurring disorders.
It is difficult to know which of the two problems leads to the other. When the mental problem occurs first, a person may turn to drugs or alcohol to self-medicate or improve the mental health symptoms. In the other case, dependence on some substance may lead to some mood disorder.
A report by the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) states that about one-third of people with a mental illness also battle substance abuse. Dual diagnosis treatment DC has a wide range of symptoms because of the presence of more than one condition.
Identifying the signs
Some of the warning signs of Dual diagnosis treatment DC are extreme mood changes, isolation or lack of participation in social situations, confused thinking or problems in concentrating. Considering the symptoms, it is important to seek specialist advice and use the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines for specific mental health and alcohol and drug problems.
A dual diagnosis may take many forms, for instance, a patient may experience significant chemical changes in the brain that can trigger an underlying mental health disorder, causing symptoms such as lack of control over drug use.
Inability to stop addiction, Dual diagnosis treatment DC cravings and inability to fulfil responsibilities
According to a report on the website of the University of Utah, a teen with a mental illness starts abusing drugs because of which symptoms of mental illness are visible sooner which worsen with prolonged drug use.
The report said that 70 percent of schizophrenics smoke, which may help them to calm down, to think more clearly, and to diminish uncomfortable side effects of medications. Stimulants such as cocaine can lead to anxiety, panic attacks, mania, and sleep disorders. It added that depression can result from an underactive reward pathway that receives little pleasure from natural rewards. Depressed people may take to drugs to stimulate their reward pathways to more “normal” levels.
Recovery and rehabilitation
A 2014 report by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) suggests that 7.7 million American adults suffered from both co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorder in 2013.
Looking at the gravity of the situation, the International Conference and Exhibition on Dual Diagnosis will be organized on July 18-19, 2016 in Chicago on the theme “Research strategies, advanced technologies and innovations in Dual Diagnosis.” The 138 sessions at the conference are designed to offer viable solutions to address the issues related to dual diagnosis.
Because of a strong relationship between substance abuse and mental illness, an integrated treatment plan is best suited for such patients. Today, there are many centers that give equal importance to the treatment of both psychiatric disorders and addictive behavior by providing comprehensive and integrated treatment plans. After the initial period of rehab, it is equally important to select a stable, supportive environment that can help addicts tackle the challenges of recovery.
It is difficult for a therapist to establish the existence of both the disorders because the symptoms of one disorder can mimic the symptoms of the other. In fact, the therapist and family members are required to work in collaboration to find ways to integrate the treatment and motivate the patient.
Rehabilitation centers like dual diagnosis treatment centers offer inpatient programs which require participants to live at the facility for the duration of the treatment. If you or your loved one is struggling with co-occurring disorders requiring medical intervention,